Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia
Print version ISSN 1809-4872
PINTO, Meliane Melina et al. Age at the diagnosis and in the beginning of intervention from hearing impaired children, in a public Brazilian hearing health service. Arquivos Int. Otorrinolaringol. [online]. 2012, vol.16, n.1, pp. 44-49. ISSN 1809-4872. http://dx.doi.org/10.7162/S1809-48722012000100006.
INTRODUCTION: The earlier the diagnosis and the intervention from the hearing impairment less will be the impact for the development of cognitive abilities, hearing and of speech from the child. OBJECTIVE: Characterize the age in the diagnosis and the beginning of intervention of the hearing loss and the accompaniment of the assisted children in a public Brazillian hearing health service - Espaço Reouvir from the Clinicas Hospital from the Medical School from the University of São Paulo. METHOD: Retrospective study with information from 166 medical records from children regarding the: gender; etiology, type, degree and laterality of the hearing impairment; age in the diagnosis and adaptation of the Hearing aids (HA) and accompaniment in the service. RESULTS: The sample was composed by 56% men and 44% women. The prevailing etiology was from multifactorial origin. The hearing loss from the neurosensory type occurred in 88,6% of the cases. The degree of moderate hearing loss was the most frequent (30,7%), symmetry in both ears was found in 69,9% of the cases and unilateral hearing loss in 2,4%. The average age in the diagnosis was of 5,46 years and in the intervention was of 6,86 years. A total of 96,98% of children had already completed the process of adaptation and 78,32% still remained in the accompaniment. CONCLUSION: The program Reouvir-HCFMUSP still receives children, both for diagnosis and or intervention in a late manner. However, still is possible the realization of the accompaniment of a significant number of users of the hearing aids, enabling a process of adaptation more effective.
Keywords : hearing; auxiliary of hearing; children; hearing loss.