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Ciência Animal Brasileira

Print version ISSN 1518-2797On-line version ISSN 1809-6891

Abstract

SOUZA, Julio César de et al. GENETIC PARAMETER AND TREND FOR PRODUCTIVE TRAITS OF NELLORE CATTLE. Ciênc. anim. bras. [online]. 2018, vol.19, e25316.  Epub July 30, 2018. ISSN 1518-2797.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-6891v19e-25316.

The Midwest region has excelled as a beef producer and producing efficiently has been the goal of livestock farmers. This study aimed to estimate the genetic parameters and trends for weights at 240(W240) and 420(W420) days of age in Nellore cattle, reared in Goias state, Brazil. A total of 48,580 data for W240 and 28,685 for W420 were used. Genetic parameters were obtained by univariate analysis. The model included the fixed effects of contemporary group (birth season-dry and wet-, year of birth, sex and farm) and covariate age of cow. Direct and maternal effects were used as random effect for W240 and the direct effect for W420. The genetic trends were obtained by regression analysis of the genetic value of the animal on the year of birth. The results of direct heritability were 0.15 ± 0.02 for W240 and 0.24 ± 0.00 for W420. The annual genetic gain was 0.311 kg for W240 and 0.511 kg for 420 days of age (W420). The results indicate the possibility of obtaining higher genetic gains through selection; however, the selection is being more efficient at W420.

Keywords : genetic gain; heritability; weight.

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