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Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia
On-line version ISSN 1981-2256
MENEZES, Ruth Losada de; BACHION, Maria Márcia; SOUZA, Joaquim Tomé de and NAKATANI, Adélia Yaeko Kyosen. Longitudinal study of multidimensional aspects of the health of institutionalized elderly. Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. [online]. 2011, vol.14, n.3, pp.485-496. ISSN 1981-2256. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1809-98232011000300009.
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the evolution of multidimensional aspects of the health of institutionalized elderly in the city of Goiânia, in two years. METHODS: A longitudinal, prospective and observational clinical study was conducted. Two assessments were carried out within an interval of two years, comprising 59 elderly living at long-term care institutions in the city of Goiânia, State of Goiás, Brazil. It was used a set of standardized tools comprising different dimensions such as socio-demographic aspects, health-disease situations, psycho-emotional aspects and functional abilities. The Marginal Homogeneity and McNemar's tests were used to compare health aspects in two moments of assessment, by means of the SPSS® software version 10.0 and a p value of less than 0.05. RESULTS: There was a health decline on the following aspects: stroke (p = 0,031); other diseases (p = 0,031); upper limb motor impairment (p = 0,007); use of antidepressant drugs (p = 0,039); decrease on the number of independencies for daily living activities (p = 0,017), specially the ones related to personal hygiene (p = 0,031). CONCLUSION: The results of this study highlight the areas of vulnerability of institutionalized elderly in Goiânia and the need of effective actions to promote and maintain their health.
Keywords : Aged; Health of the elderly; Health of institutionalized elderly; Activities of daily living.