Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia
Print version ISSN 1809-9823
REY CAO, Ana and CANALES LACRUZ, Inma. Cognitive and perceptual-motor improvements in elderly participating in a cognitive-motor integrated stimulation program. Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.1, pp. 27-39. ISSN 1809-9823. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1809-98232012000100004.
This paper aims to show the cognitive and perceptual-motor effects obtained after the application of a cognitive stimulation program through the motricity for the elders called "Memory in Movement". This is a quasi-experimental research in which participated 234 major persons by an average of age of 69.92 ± 7.23, distributed between experimental group inactive physically and the control group practice Tai-chi and gymnastics. The evaluation was made before application of the program and after its conclusion. It was used the Mini Cognitive Test, the WAIS-R Digit Span Test Direct and Inverse, a Test of Motor Memory and a Spatial Orientation test-Total, 1 and 2. A significant improvement (p<0.05) was checked in the experimental group in all the measurements of study excepting Digits Direct and Spatial Orientation 2. The control group achieved significant improvements (p<0.05) exclusively in Spatial Orientation Total and Spatial 1 and it got significant deterioration (p<0.05) in Motor Memory. The program "Memory in Movement" improves the attention, the memory, the body awareness and the spatial structuring of the elders by means of cognitive tasks with integral motor implication.
Keywords : Memory; Movement; Cognitive; Aging; Self Stimulation; Aged.