Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia
On-line version ISSN 1981-2256
BARRETO, Philipe de Souto. Temporal comparison theory and elderly satisfaction with their body: a preliminary study. Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.3, pp.415-421. ISSN 1981-2256. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1809-98232012000300003.
OBJECTIVES: Studies on body satisfaction have been neglecting a possible contribution of temporal comparisons (TC) for determining people's satisfaction with their body. The purpose of this work is to provide preliminary data on the usefulness of TC theory in determining body satisfaction in elderly individuals. METHODS: Participants were 18 functionally limited elderly adults, aged 68-90 years. After receiving three theory-related stimuli (social comparison, temporal comparison, and self-schema), they completed two scales: a scale on satisfaction with body functioning and a scale on body appearance satisfaction. RESULTS: Satisfaction with body functioning and satisfaction with body appearance did not differ among theory-related stimuli. TC-related correlations were stronger than the other theory-related correlations, even when adjusted for confounding variables. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that TC theory may be a useful framework for explaining body satisfaction in the elderly. Studies on this subject should be encouraged. However, further research is needed before any conclusion can be drawn.
Keywords : Body image; Body appearance; Temporal comparison theory; Body functioning; Elderly.