SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.18 número4Prevalência de fragilidade fenotípica em pessoas em processo de envelhecimento numa comunidade portuguesaQualidade de vida e situação de saúde de idosos: um estudo de base populacional no Sertão Central do Ceará índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartilhar


Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia

versão impressa ISSN 1809-9823versão On-line ISSN 1981-2256

Resumo

MATTIOLI, Rafaela Ávila; CAVALLI, Adriana Schüler; RIBEIRO, José Antônio Bicca  e  SILVA, Marcelo Cozzensa da. Association between handgrip strength and physical activity in hypertensive elderly individuals. Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. [online]. 2015, vol.18, n.4, pp.881-891. ISSN 1809-9823.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-9823.2015.14178.

Introduction

: Handgrip is an excellent indicator of functionality, nutritional status and mortality among the elderly.

Objective:

To compare the handgrip strength of hypertensive elderly individuals classified by different levels and types of physical activity.

Method:

A cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample of 80 individuals divided into three physical activity groups, according to the leisure-time and transportation sections of the long version of the IPAQ: active (≥150 min/week), insufficiently active (<150 min/week) and sedentary (10 min/week). The active individuals were also separated by type of physical activity: gymnastics, hydro gymnastics and weight training. Strength was measured by a Jamar dynamometer and consisted of a continuous handgrip movement lasting for 30 seconds. Information about demographic, socio-economic and behavioral variables was collected by questionnaire. ANOVA and paired t-test were used to compare the means of strength. The significance level was 5%.

Results:

Dominant and non-dominant handgrip average was 24.2 kgf (+8.3) and 22.0 kgf (+7.3), respectively. There was no significant difference in the mean handgrip strength between the active and sedentary groups; however, when the type of physical activity was evaluated, the weightlifting group had a significantly higher mean than the gym and aerobics groups.

Conclusion:

Handgrip strength seems to be associated with the type of activity performed, rather than the amount of time the activity is performed per week.

Palavras-chave : Muscle Strength; Hand Strength; Muscle Strength Dynamometer; Hypertension; Elderly; Motor Activity.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Português | Inglês     · Português ( pdf ) | Inglês ( pdf )