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Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia

On-line version ISSN 1981-2256

Abstract

FONSECA, Emílio Prado da; FONSECA, Suelen Garcia Oliveira da  and  MENEGHIM, Marcelo de Castro. Factors associated with the use of dental care by elderly residents of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. [online]. 2017, vol.20, n.6, pp.785-796. ISSN 1981-2256.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-22562017020.170095.

Objective:

To investigate factors associated with the use of dental care services.

Methods:

A cross-sectional study with a representative sample of elderly individuals aged 65 years or older residing in the state of São Paulo in 2015 was performed. Hierarchical multivariate logistic regression analysis was used based on the theoretical model of access determination proposed by Andersen (1995) to predict dental care visits.

Results:

The prevalence of public service use by the elderly was 1.981 (37.8%), while 3.253 (62.2%) used the private service/ health plan/ other type of service. Hierarchical multiple analysis (p≤0.05) identified that less schooling or never having studied, non-white, lower income and motivated by pain/extraction were associated with the use of public dental services. The study showed a reduced use of public dental care among elderly persons who required some type of upper dentures (except complete dentures), need for some type of lower dentures (including complete dentures) and demonstrated a positive self-perception of oral health condition.

Conclusions:

A higher prevalence of the use of private dental care/health plan/other type of service was identified. Less schooling or never having studied, non-white skin color, lower income and seeking the dentist with pain or to extract teeth were factors associated with the use of public dental services by the elderly.

Keywords : Health Services Accessibility; Multilevel Analysis; Oral Health; Unified Health System.

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