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Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia

Print version ISSN 1809-9823On-line version ISSN 1981-2256

Abstract

CALDAS, Gustavo Henrique de Oliveira; MOREIRA, Simone de Nóbrega Tomaz  and  VILAR, Maria José. Palliative care: A proposal for undergraduate education in Medicine. Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. [online]. 2018, vol.21, n.3, pp.261-271. ISSN 1981-2256.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-22562018021.180008.

Objective:

to propose essential competencies for the teaching of palliative care on undergraduate Medicine courses.

Method:

a documentary analysis of the literature on general competencies in palliative care was initially carried out, to construct a framework with suggestions of essential competencies for undergraduate education in Brazil. The elaborated material was then presented individually to eight professionals from a range of areas for analysis. All the professionals had specialized training in palliative care, and the material was accompanied by an interview with three open questions. The categorical thematic content analysis proposed by Bardin was used in the documentary analysis and the interviews with the professionals.

Results:

the initial documentary analysis resulted in five categories, eight subcategories and 96 units of analysis, based on which the researcher was able to construct the suggestions for competences, which were distributed with their respective contents in a framework with five modules. Six categories, 12 subcategories and 168 analysis units emerged from the interviews with the professionals following a reading of the material. From the discourse contained in the subcategories and units of analysis, suggestions emerged for a better distribution of the modules, resulting in the renaming of the same (Basic principles of palliative care, Symptom management, Teamwork, Ethical and legal issues, Care in the last moments of life).

Conclusion:

the discussion and improvement of the palliative care competencies suggested in this study will be essential at medical education forums, providing clarity about what is really required in general practitioner training.

Keywords : Palliative Care; Palliative Medicine; Education, Medical; Curriculum; Qualitative Research..

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