SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.21 issue3Satisfaction with family relations and support according to elderly persons caring for elderly relativesChanges to the feet of institutionalized elderly persons author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia

Print version ISSN 1809-9823On-line version ISSN 1981-2256

Abstract

OLIVEIRA NETA, Rosa Sá de; SOUZA, Isabelle Ferreira da Silva; CAMARA, Saionara Maria Aires da  and  SOUZA, Marcelo Cardoso de. Sarcopenia, nutritional status and functionality in elderly women living in the community. Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. [online]. 2018, vol.21, n.3, pp.342-351. ISSN 1981-2256.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1981-22562018021.170181.

Objective:

to evaluate the relationship between sarcopenia, functional capacity and nutritional status among elderly women living in the community.

Method:

an observational, cross-sectional study was performed with 100 elderly women aged over 60 years. A questionnaire containing identification and socioeconomic data and information relating to the practice of physical activity was applied, while anthropometric and body composition data were measured through bioimpedance and functionality data was assessed using the six-minute walk test (6MWT). Independent t-tests were performed for the quantitative variables and analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the means of the variables. Multiple linear regression analyzes were performed to estimate the mean 6MWTfor each of the variables studied.

Results:

The average age of the elderly women was 67 (± 8.0) years, 41% practiced physical activity, 38% had at least an elementary school education, 48% received up to two minimum wages and 91% were obese according to waist circumference (WC). The prevalence rates for the presence of sarcopenia were: 5% for sarcopenic obesity (SO), 63% for obesity, 14% for sarcopenia and 18% had adequate weight. Elderly women who practiced physical activity, had at least an elementary education and who were non-obese according to WC, performed better in the 6MWT. There were no significant differences in the 6MWTbased on income or Body Mass Index (p>0.05). Non-obese and non-sarcopenic women walked further in the functional test than the other women (p = 0.021).

Conclusion:

SO was present in 5% of the elderly women and is related to poor physical performance, which was also present in elderly women with sarcopenia and obesity.

Keywords : Aging; Nutritional Assessment; Walking Test; Sarcopenia..

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English | Portuguese     · English ( pdf ) | Portuguese ( pdf )