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Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia

Print version ISSN 1809-9823On-line version ISSN 1981-2256

Abstract

FLESCH, Letícia Decimo; BATISTONI, Samila Sathler Tavares; NERI, Anita Liberalesso  and  CACHIONI, Meire. Factors associated with the quality of life of elderly caregivers of other elderly persons. Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. [online]. 2019, vol.22, n.3, e180155.  Epub Sep 09, 2019. ISSN 1981-2256.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-22562019022.180155.

Objective

: To evaluate the association between the double vulnerability of being elderly and a caregiver and quality of life assessed by Control, Autonomy, Self-realization and Pleasure factors (CASP-19).

Method

: 148 elderly caregivers participated in the present study. They were selected for convenience from Brazilian public and private health services - a sample from the study “The Psychological Well-Being of Elderly Persons Caring for Other Elderly Persons in a Family Context”. The variables: caregiver’s state of health, care demands, perception of burden, self-rated health, and quality of life were selected. Descriptive analyses, chi-squared tests, Fisher’s exact test, the Kruskal-Wallis test and analysis of multivariate hierarchical logistics were carried out, with theStepwisecriteria applied for selection of variables.

Results

: The hierarchical multivariate analyses found that number of symptoms and total burden were significantly associated with a poorer quality of life. Elderly persons with three or more symptoms and those with a high burden level were at a higher risk of poor quality of life. The variables number of diseases, burden, and self-rated health compared with the past, were significantly associated with a poorer quality of life.

Conclusion

: It can be concluded that for the elderly caregiver, physical aspects (signs and symptoms, chronic diseases and a perception of health deterioration) combined with burden are the aspects that most influence quality of life.

Keywords : Caregivers; Elderly; Quality of Life; Health Vulnerability.

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