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Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia

Print version ISSN 1809-9823On-line version ISSN 1981-2256

Abstract

LEITE, Bruna Cardoso; OLIVEIRA-FIGUEIREDO, Danielle Samara Tavares de; ROCHA, Fabiana Lucena  and  NOGUEIRA, Matheus Figueiredo. Multimorbidity due to chronic noncommunicable diseases in older adults: a population-based study. Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. [online]. 2019, vol.22, n.6, e190253.  Epub July 13, 2020. ISSN 1981-2256.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-22562019022.190253.

Objective:

To estimate the prevalence of multimorbidity arising from chronic noncommunicable diseases among older residents of the northeast of Brazil and to analyze its association with sociodemographic, behavioral and anthropometric factors.

Method:

A cross-sectional study was carried out with 3,141 older participants of the National Health Survey (2013). The dependent variable was multimorbidity, and the independent variables were sociodemographic, behavioral and anthropometric indicators. Descriptive, bivariate analyzes and logistic regression models were applied.

Results:

The prevalence of multimorbidity was 23.7%, with the state of Alagoas having the highest prevalence (27.2%). The occurrence of multimorbidity was associated with the female sex (OR=1.33; p=0.002), age over 80 years (OR=1.35; p=0.019) and being overweight (OR =1.37 p= 0.001). The protective factors were brown skin color (OR=0.79; p=0.013) and low weight (OR =0.71; p=0.017).

Conclusion:

The prevalence of multimorbidity in community-dwelling older adults in the northeast of Brazil was almost one quarter of the study population, with the state of Alagoas having the highest prevalence. Sex, age, skin color and being overweight were associated with the outcome. Knowledge of these factors can guide health care in the prevention, control and reduction of complications of these diseases, and support the strengthening of health education strategies and policies.

Keywords : Aging; Chronic Disease; Multimorbidity.

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