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Ciência Florestal

Print version ISSN 0103-9954On-line version ISSN 1980-5098

Abstract

TAVARES, Lorena de Souza et al. TANNING SLUDGE AND ITS INFLUENCE ON THE PRODUCTION OF SEEDLINGS OF PARICÁ (Schizolobium amazonicum) AND ON CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL. Ciênc. Florest. [online]. 2013, vol.23, n.3, pp.357-368. ISSN 0103-9954.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1980509810547.

The objective of this study was to assess the influence of the tanning sludge in soil chemical properties and the morphological and nutritional of paricá seedlings. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse in a completely randomized design with five replicates, having as a substrate humic cambisol, which was characterized chemically and granulometrically; in possession of these results, the soil was previously corrected with lime and NPK. After 100 days of observation, it was analyzed the soil chemical variables (pH, H+Al, Al3+, Ca, Mg, P, K, Na, S, Cr3+, CO, SB, CTC, V, RAS and PST), the morphology plant [height (H), stem diameter (DC), the number of full leaves, the main root length (CR) and dry biomass], and the concentrations of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S, Cr3+ and Na in the plant. The tanning sludge was used as a nutritional supplement in doses of 0.0, 1.5, 3.0, 4.5 and 6.0 g kg-1. The tanning sludge has potential as a corrective of soil acidity, with little significant increase in indicators of salinity, sodicity and Cr3+ content available. However, the use of sludge did not affect the morphological characteristics of seedlings of paricá, but induced an increase in levels K and S in the shoot and Na and S in the root. The greatest concentration of nutrients in paricá were obtained with 6.0 g kg-1 of tanning sludge; however, was not possible to optimize the dose for a maximum productivity of seedlings of paricá with the treatments used.

Keywords : industrial waste; chromium; forest nutrition; soil salinization.

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