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Ciência Florestal

Print version ISSN 0103-9954On-line version ISSN 1980-5098

Abstract

PIMENTA, Alexandre Santos; SANTOS, Rosimeire Cavalcante dos; CARNEIRO, Angélica Cássia de Oliveira  and  CASTRO, Renato Vinicius Oliveira. Charcoal briquettes produced with recycled coconut pith. Ciênc. Florest. [online]. 2015, vol.25, n.1, pp.137-144. ISSN 0103-9954.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-509820152505137.

The present work has the objective to produce briquettes by using fine charcoal from coconut wastes as raw material and evaluate the briquette quality. Coconut piths were collected at the city of Touros, in Rio Grande do Norte state. After a 2- month air drying, coconut pith was carbonized and hereafter ground in a hammer mill. The resulting charcoal powder was sieved and the fraction less than 40 mesh was used to produce briquettes according to an entirely randomized designed experiment involving 12 treatments and 3 replications. Starch and clay were employed as binders. The treatments were divided into 3 groups, each group corresponding to a proportion of clay, respectively 12, 15 and 18%, based on the total dry weight of the briquette. Within each group, the proportions of starch were 6, 8, 10 and 12%. The carbon powder was mixed with finely ground clay was added and then the pre-gelatinized starch in water at 80°C. The mass for each treatment was mixed until homogeneous, separating quantities of 17grams of mass for each repetition. The briquettes were produced in a laboratory press (pressure of1500psi and pressing time of 4 minutes).The briquettes were dried in an oven at 60°C until constant weight. After drying, the properties of briquettes were evaluated: bulk density, high calorific value, immediate chemical composition (moisture content, fixed carbon, volatile matter and ash) and compressive strength. Best treatments for trading products were 12/12 e 12/15.

Keywords : charcoal briquettes; coconut pith charcoal; agroforestry wastes recycling.

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