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Ciência Florestal

versão impressa ISSN 0103-9954versão On-line ISSN 1980-5098

Resumo

SCHULTZ, Bruno; SBRAVATTI JUNIOR, José Antonio; AUER, Celso Garcia  e  SANTOS, Álvaro Figueredo dos. Impact of Cylindrocladium candelabrum leaf spot in young plantations of Eucalyptus benthamii in Rio Negrinho, Santa Catarina State. Ciênc. Florest. [online]. 2015, vol.25, n.2, pp.307-316. ISSN 0103-9954.  https://doi.org/10.5902/1980509818448.

Eucalyptus benthamii is one of the planted forest species in Southern Brazil due to its frost resistance. The main disease in commercial plantations is the leaf spot caused by Cylindrocladium candelabrum. The objective of this work was to evaluate incidence and severity of this disease in Eucalyptus benthamii plantations, in Rio Negrinho, SC state. The survey was performed in three plantations (4, 8 and 18 months-old), quantifying the number of diseased trees and evaluating the severity by using a diagrammatic scale varying from 0 (no spot and shedding of leaves) to 5 (more than 75 % of defoliation). Four evaluations were done from July/2011 to June/2013. The average incidence of leaf spot on trees varied from 2.6 to 43.8 %, depending upon the age, while the average severity varied from 1.2 to 2.8, with low severity in trees of 4 and 8 months-old. It was verified increase on disease severity increasing tree age and the direct relationship between disease intensity and precipitation volume as well as between severity and tree height. The relationship between the incidence of plants with leaf spot varied according to tree heights.

Palavras-chave : foliar disease; eucalypt; epidemiology.

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