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Ciência Florestal

Print version ISSN 0103-9954On-line version ISSN 1980-5098

Abstract

LUPI, Ana Maria et al. MANAGEMENT OF RESIDUES FROM Eucalyptus grandis Hill ex Maiden HARVESTING IN CONTRASTING SITES. Ciênc. Florest. [online]. 2017, vol.27, n.3, pp.767-782. ISSN 0103-9954.  https://doi.org/10.5902/1980509828730.

In northeastern Argentina, very little is known about the impact of various techniques of management of residues from forest harvesting on soil properties. We carried out this study in two sites in Entre Ríos Province (Argentina): post-harvest of Eucalyptus grandis Hill ex Maiden stands in an Aquic Hapludert (S1) and in a Fluventic Hapludoll (S2). We analyzed the short-term effects of four techniques of residue management from eucalypt harvesting: extraction of residues (ER), conservation of residues (CR), burning of residues (BR=control treatment) and conservation of double the regular quantity of residues (CDQR), which consisted in adding residues from one plot to the adjacent one. Soils were sampled at 0-5 cm and 5-10 cm in 18 (S1) and 22 months (S2) after the techniques of management of residues were applied. Soil organic carbon (SOC), particulate organic carbon (POC), soil structure and saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) were determined. Short-term effects of the techniques applied depended on the soil type and on the soil property analyzed. The main differences between soil properties were due to the effect of soil type on the size of the aggregates and on Ksat CR caused neither SOC increase nor POC changes, whereas CDQR and CR increased Ksat in S1, thus suggesting that the surface cover preserves porosity at the soil-atmosphere interphase. In contrast, S2 showed no significant differences between the effects of the techniques on soil properties. S1 showed large, stable aggregates and high Ksat, whereas S2 showed less stable structure. Site characteristics such as soil texture affect the short-term response of soil properties, thus indicating further evaluations of soil properties are needed to analyze the techniques of management of residue effects and give management recommendations based on the soil type.

Keywords : harvest residues; soil organic carbon; aggregate stability; saturated hydraulic conductivity..

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