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Ciência Florestal

Print version ISSN 0103-9954On-line version ISSN 1980-5098

Abstract

SOUSA, Rosângela Ribeiro de et al. Impact of burning vegetation on the Cerrado fungi soil. Ciênc. Florest. [online]. 2019, vol.29, n.2, pp.965-974.  Epub Sep 30, 2019. ISSN 0103-9954.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/1980509822614.

There are few studies related to the impact of burnings on soil fungi present in the cerrado. The aim of this work was identifying the mycoflora in cerrado soil samples before and after burning process at two depths; observing the interference of this process in the fungi soil inhabitants population. The samples were collected in area, in the municipality of Jaú do Tocantins, State of Tocantins. Bioassays were installed in a completely randomized experimental design, with four replicates and five treatments, represented by different concentrations of soil solution. The identification of the fungi was made at the genus level according to their morphological structures formed in culture medium through optical microscope observations. In the before burning area we observed greatest diversity of genera and fungi colonies. The opposite was found in the area subsequently submitted to the burning process, showing minor fungal colonies. Among the genera identified, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Cladosporium, Fusarium, Mucor, Pythium and Trichoderma were the most representative colonies. We observed a reduction of 45% approximately in the population of antagonistic fungi. It was found that the use of fire in vegetation negatively influenced microbial populations present in the surface layers of cerrado soil.

Keywords : Microorganisms; Mycoflora; Fire effect.

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