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vol.6 número1MODELO DE TRIAGEM NEUROPSICOLÓGICA E PEDIÁTRICA PARA ESCOLARES COM DIFICULDADES DE APRENDIZAGEMTREINO DE FUNÇÕES EXECUTIVAS PARA IDOSOS SAUDÁVEIS: RESULTADOS DE UM ESTUDO PILOTO. índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Dementia & Neuropsychologia

versão impressa ISSN 1980-5764

Resumo

OLIVEIRA, Camila Rosa de et al. Executive functions and sustained attention:Comparison between age groups of 19-39 and 40-59 years old. Dement. neuropsychol. [online]. 2012, vol.6, n.1, pp.29-34. ISSN 1980-5764.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-57642012DN06010005.

Few studies involving the cognition of middle-aged adults are available in the international literature, particularly investigating the process of cognitive aging, executive components and attention.

Objectives:

The aim of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in performance on neuropsychological tasks of executive functions and sustained attention between two age groups.

Methods:

The sample consisted of 87 adults aged from 19 to 59 years old, divided into two groups according to the age variable (younger adults and middle-aged adults). All participants were Brazilian and had no sensory, psychiatric or neurological disorders; subjects also had no history of alcohol abuse, and no self-reported use of illicit drugs or antipsychotics. The neuropsychological instruments administered were the Hayling Test, Trail Making Test, Bells Test and verbal fluency tasks.

Results:

Groups showed no significant differences in relation to sociodemographic variables, educational level or frequency of reading and writing habits. The younger adult group performed better than the middle-aged group on tasks that involved mainly processing speed, cognitive flexibility and lexical search.

Conclusions:

These findings serve as a valuable reference for cognitive processing in middle-aged adults, since a large number of comparative studies focus only on the younger and later phases of adulthood. Additional studies are needed to investigate possible interaction between different factors such as age and education.

Palavras-chave : age groups; executive function; inhibition; attention.

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