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vol.11 número4DESEMPENHO COGNITIVO EM PACIENTES COM COMPROMETIMENTO COGNITIVO LEVE E DOENÇA DE ALZHEIMER COM HIPER-INTENSIDADES DE SUBSTÂNCIA BRANCA: UMA ANÁLISE EXPLORATÓRIAFATORES DE RISCO CARDIOVASCULAR E DESEMPENHO COGNITIVO NO ENVELHECIMENTO índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Dementia & Neuropsychologia

versão impressa ISSN 1980-5764versão On-line ISSN 1980-5764

Resumo

PIRAS, Federica et al. Efficacy of cognitive stimulation therapy for older adults with vascular dementia. Dement. neuropsychol. [online]. 2017, vol.11, n.4, pp.434-441. ISSN 1980-5764.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-57642016dn11-040014.

Background:

Cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) is an evidence-based psychosocial intervention for people with mild-to-moderate dementia due to various etiological factors.

Objective:

The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of the CST program, Italian adaptation -CST-IT-, in individuals who have vascular dementia (VaD).

Methods:

Older adults with mild-to-moderate VaD (N = 35) were assigned to one of two programs: one group (N = 21) attended the 14 sessions of the CST-IT program, while the other, active control group (N = 14) took part in alternative activities. The following domains were examined: cognitive functioning, quality of life, mood, behavior, functional activities of daily living.

Results:

Compared with the active controls, the CST-IT group showed a greater improvement in general cognitive functioning after the intervention (i.e. score increase on the Mini-Mental State Examination and decrease on the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale – Cognitive subscale). A trend towards improvement was also identified in short-term/working memory – the backward digit span task- and perceived quality of life (Quality of Life – Alzheimer's Disease scale). No significant differences emerged between the two groups for the other domains considered.

Conclusion:

The present results support the efficacy of CST in people with vascular dementia.

Palavras-chave : vascular dementia; cognitive stimulation therapy (CST); general cognitive functioning; quality of life.

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