Revista Odonto Ciência
On-line version ISSN 1980-6523
FONSECA, Luciara Leão Viana; MOTA, Joaquim Antônio César and GONCALVES, Patricia Furtado. Public primary oral health care: a bioethical reflection. Rev. odonto ciênc. (Online) [online]. 2011, vol.26, n.2, pp. 165-171. ISSN 1980-6523. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1980-65232011000200013.
In Brazil, a reduction in the prevalence of tooth decay has been observed recently. However, the distribution pattern of oral diseases still reflects widespread inequality in the access to public preventive and dental care. The oral health status of certain populations highlights the differences in the availability, accessibility and acceptability of education and oral health care. In this context, bioethics can be used as a concrete tool for the discussion, improvement and consolidation of citizenship, human rights and social justice. The purpose of this review is to reflect on Brazilian public primary oral health care from a bioethical standpoint. To do so, it is necessary to start with an analysis of the role of bioethics in public health in Brazil and to approach some of the ethical issues surrounding dental care in the Brazilian public health system.
Keywords : Bioethics; primary health; oral health; dental assistance.