Revista Odonto Ciência
versão On-line ISSN 1980-6523
L, Ismael Yévenes et al. Caries and obesity in 6 year-old schoolchildren from the Metropolitan region (MR) of Santiago, Chile. Rev. odonto ciênc. [online]. 2012, vol.27, n.2, pp.121-126. ISSN 1980-6523. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1980-65232012000200005.
PURPOSE: Dental caries and obesity are multifactorial diseases of high prevalence in Chilean child population, and both are preventable from early age. They share association with diet habits and socio-cultural determinants. The objective of this study was to determine the coexistence between caries and obesity in 6 year-old schoolchildren from the Metropolitan Region of Santiago, Chile. METHODS: A sample was composed by 571 6 year-old schoolchildren from the fluoridated communes of the Metropolitan Region of Santiago, Chile, in 2004-2005. Caries diagnosis was performed by using the WHO criteria for epidemiological studies. Nutritional diagnosis was carried out according to BMI/age and sex in relation to CDC-NCHS curves, considering obese children with a ≥95 percentile. Socioeconomic level (SEL) and sex were recorded. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was found between caries history and nutritional status (NS) (P=0.837), in both primary and permanent dentition (P=0.306).There was no risk association (OR 0.88; IC 0.60-1.28; 95%). Overweight children had less caries prevalence and history than normal weight and obese children. No relationship was found at the multivariate analysis between NS, SEL and caries occurrence. CONCLUSION: Obesity is not related to dental caries in this sample. Overweight children had less caries prevalence and severity.
Palavras-chave : Dental caries; obesity; nutritional status.