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Motriz: Revista de Educação Física

On-line version ISSN 1980-6574

Abstract

MORAES, Mikael Seabra; LIMA, Tiago Rodrigues de  and  SILVA, Diego Augusto Santos. Comparison of lumbar force between pubertal and post-pubertal adolescents: interference of physical growth, body fat and lifestyle. Motriz: rev. educ. fis. [online]. 2017, vol.23, n.spe2, e101798.  Epub Jan 08, 2018. ISSN 1980-6574.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1980-6574201700si0098.

Aim:

To compare performance in the lumbar force test in pubertal and post-pubertal adolescents by controlling the interference of physical growth, body fat, screen time and physical activity.

Methods:

A cross-sectional study with 933 adolescents (492 girls) aged 14-19 from the city of São José, Brazil. Lumbar strength was assessed using the isometric lumbar extension test proposed by the Canadian Society of Exercise Physiology. Sexual maturation was classified according to Tanner’s criteria. Physical growth variables (age, body weight, stature, BMI), body fat (triceps and subscapular skinfolds), sedentary behavior based on screen time and overall physical activity were controlled in the Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA), with a significance level of 5%.

Results:

Post-pubertal boys presented higher lumbar force compared to pubertal ones only when interference of BMI, body fat, screen time and physical activity was controlled. Pubertal girls presented higher lumbar force compared to post-pubertal ones, both when controlling the analysis for the studied variables and when not controlled by them.

Conclusion:

BMI, body fat, screen time and physical activity interfere in the difference in lumbar strength of boys, in which post-pubertal boys presented better performance in lumbar force compared to pubertal ones. Regardless of interference or not of these variables, pubertal girls presented better performance in lumbar force when compared to post-pubertal ones.

Keywords : health behavior; lifestyle; muscle strength; physical fitness; puberty.

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