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Revista Ambiente & Água

On-line version ISSN 1980-993X


NASCIMENTO, Felipe Tiago do et al. Efficacy of a solar still in destroying virus and indicator bacteria in water for human consumption. Rev. Ambient. Água [online]. 2018, vol.13, n.4, e2084.  Epub Aug 09, 2018. ISSN 1980-993X.

Natural water distillation can destroy and/or inactivate microorganisms that are sensitive to heat and ultraviolet radiation (UV). This method is currently used to provide fresh water in ships and in the desalination of brackish water. For the development of this research, a pilot-scale solar still was built and installed in the southern region of Brazil, in order to assess its efficiency in water disinfection, which was based on the most probable number (MPN) of total coliforms and Escherichia coli, in addition to the DNA copy number of human adenovirus type 5 (HAdV-5) in raw, undistilled samples and in treated distilled water. Results showed that the distillation process removed 100% of total coliform and Escherichia coli and 4.5 log (99.997%) of HAdV-5, which meets the microbiological standards for drinking water according to national Brazilian regulations, as well as USEPA and HEALTH CANADA requirements.

Keywords : adenovirus; solar distillation; water disinfection.

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