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Revista Ambiente & Água

versão On-line ISSN 1980-993X

Resumo

BACK, Álvaro José; CADORIN, Sabrina Baesso  e  GALATTO, Sérgio Luciano. Extreme rainfall and IDF equations for Alagoas State, Brazil. Rev. Ambient. Água [online]. 2020, vol.15, n.6, e2544.  Epub 16-Nov-2020. ISSN 1980-993X.  https://doi.org/10.4136/ambi-agua.2544.

Intensity-duration-frequency (IDF) equations have important applications in several engineering areas such as urban drainage designs, hydrological modeling, and soil conservation projects. This study analyzes the annual maximum series and fits IDF equations for 44 rainfall stations in Alagoas State, Brazil. We adjusted parameters of the Gumbel distribution (GD) and the Generalized Extreme Value (GEV) distribution. The fitting of the observed data to the probability distributions, as well as the selection of the best distribution, were based on the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Anderson-Darling tests at a 5% significance level. The GEV distribution with parameters obtained by the L-moments method was considered the best in 73% of rainfall stations. The estimated IDF equations showed a good fit, with determination coefficients above 0.991. The maximum rainfall intensities have spatial variation following the climatic zones of the state. The fitted equations allow estimating rainfall intensities from 5 minutes to 24 hours with a return period of 2 to 100 years, and standard error of less than 6.83 mm h-1.

Palavras-chave : drainage; probabilities; water resources.

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