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Brazilian Journal of Food Technology

On-line version ISSN 1981-6723

Abstract

DE OLIVEIRA, Débora Francielly et al. Golden flaxseed flour as a substitute for animal fat in reduced-sodium beef hamburgers. Braz. J. Food Technol. [online]. 2014, vol.17, n.4, pp.273-282. ISSN 1981-6723.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-6723.0714.

Consumers tend to have a negative image of processed meat products, due to their contents of saturated fat, sodium and chemical additives. This work aimed to study the influence of adding golden flaxseed flour (Linum usitatissimum L.) as a substitute for pork fat as well as using reduced sodium salt, on the physical, chemical, microbiological and sensory profiles of beef burgers. With a view to making the burgers healthier, six formulations were developed with different concentrations of light salt and flaxseed flour. The results showed that the total replacement of pork fat by 10.0% of golden flaxseed flour significantly increased (p<0.05) the protein content. The burgers with the addition of 5.0% golden flaxseed flour to replace 50.0% of the pork fat presented good scores for all the sensory attributes evaluated. Independent of the percentage of flour added to the burgers, the omega-3 and ash contents increased (p<0.05), while the total lipids, caloric value and fat content of the dry matter showed a significant decrease (p<0.05). The replacement of pork fat by flaxseed flour contributed to reduced shrinkage and a higher yield, as well as burgers showing greater moisture and fat retention. The use of light salt did not affect the antimicrobial potential and when combined with 5.0% of flaxseed flour significantly improved the flavour and taste (p < 0.05). The results suggested that the addition of 5.0% golden flaxseed flour as a substitute for 50.0% saturated fat and a sodium reduction of 60.1% in the burgers was a viable alternative for the nutritional and sensorial attributes, as well as providing a higher yield after cooking.

Keywords : Meat product; Lipid quality; Omega-3; Potassium chloride.

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