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RGO - Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia

Print version ISSN 0103-6971On-line version ISSN 1981-8637

Abstract

MAGALHAES, Verena Carvalho Sampaio de; OLIVEIRA, Danillo Lyrio de  and  PRADO, Fabio Ornellas. Knowledge, risk perception and attitudes of Dentistry students with regard to HIV/AIDS. RGO, Rev. Gaúch. Odontol. [online]. 2015, vol.63, n.3, pp.291-300. ISSN 1981-8637.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-863720150003000062964.

Objective:

To assess the knowledge, perception of risk and attitudes of Dentistry students regarding HIV/AIDS.

Methods:

A descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study was performed by applying a questionnaire containing 33 objective questions to students enrolled in the Dentistry course at Southwest Bahia State University, between the second and final years.

Results:

The response rate was 74%, with an average overall score of 64.1% for the knowledge variable, considered to be good. The average overall score for risk perception was 61.7% (considered inadequate), borne out by a significant rate of accidents involving sharps (25%). An average overall score of 54.3% revealed negative attitudes, showing that some students feel apprehensive and unprepared to treat HIV+ patients.

Conclusion:

In view of the fact that the attitude and risk perception variables studied showed results that fall short of expectations, even with a knowledge variable considered to be good, a greater articulation between theory and practice is suggested.

Keywords : HIV infections; Knowledge; Students, Dental.

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