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RGO - Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia

Print version ISSN 0103-6971On-line version ISSN 1981-8637

Abstract

MORAES, Paulo de Camargo et al. Bifid canals: identification of three clinical cases using cone-beam computed tomography images. RGO, Rev. Gaúch. Odontol. [online]. 2018, vol.66, n.3, pp.263-266. ISSN 1981-8637.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-8637201800030000113693.

Anatomical variations of mandibular canal have rarely been reported in the literature. The aim of this paper is to present three clinical cases of bifid mandibular canal diagnosed with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) as well as discuss its clinical implications. The first case is very interesting due to its anatomic variation verified in a panoramic radiograph during orthodontic planning, mimicking an odontogenic tumor. The second and the third cases were identified during tomographic evaluation for third molar exodontia. The diagnosis of bifid canals is extremely relevant in order to avoid complications during surgical procedures and implant placement as well as anesthesia failures which cause pain, paresthesia and bleeding. Furthermore, the shape of these anatomical variations can be confused with bone lesions.

Keywords : Mandibular Nerve; Surgery, Oral; Diagnosis.

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