Sociedade & Natureza
On-line version ISSN 1982-4513
VEDOVATO, Maria Aparecida; LOURENCO, Roberto Wagner and DONALISIO, Maria Rita. Spatial analysis of infant mortality and its relationship to socio environmental in urban area of Rio Claro, SP, BR. Soc. nat. [online]. 2011, vol.23, n.3, pp.435-451. ISSN 1982-4513. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1982-45132011000300006.
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the spatial distribution of child mortality coefficients (CMI), recently born mortality (CMNN) and stillbirths (CNM), likewise socio-environmental indicators within urban areas in Public Health Units (UAS) of Rio Claro, SP. METHODS: Ecological study with statistics analysis and geoprocessing application through data bank development using Geographic Information System tools, recently born mortality, child mortality and stillbirths, as well as the records of births in the period of 2000 to 2007. From those information, obtain the respective coefficients of mortality analyzed by Public Health Units cover. In addition, socio-environmental indicators had been acquired based on information such as trash collection conditions, sanitary setting, water supply and from scholarship information, finance and housing property category, based on Censo information from Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatísca (IBGE), 2000. RESULTS: The most significant correlation was verified between the stillbirth and socio-environmental quality index (30%). Child mortality reveled 12% and recently born mortality exhibited negative correlation. The obtained results suggested there are other factors such as genetically-related, life style and health services influencing child mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The obtained results are expected to help in the understanding of health hazards determining factors and assist on the implementation of management programs from administrative sectors in urban areas, specially the public health field.
Keywords : child mortality; public health; life quality; information science.