Sociedade & Natureza
On-line version ISSN 1982-4513
NUNES, Edilon Mendes and GARCIA, Loreley Gomes. Society and nature: territorial conflict of industrial pollution of the River Basin Gramame-Mumbaba - PB. Soc. nat. [online]. 2012, vol.24, n.2, pp. 255-266. ISSN 1982-4513. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1982-45132012000200007.
This is a case study of Political Ecology, wherein we deal with the analysis of the Social Environmental Conflict of industrial pollution in the Basin of Rio Gramame, in the community of Mumbaba de Baixo. Although, this conflict began in the decade of 1960, it wasn't until recently that it has been recognized. As we have sought to understand the complexities of this study, we draw a methodological road of analysis from the conflict to each part of which it is comprised. In this way, we identify all those involved, their actions, articulations, powers, and their influence on the conflict. Use an social-anthropological approach through participant observation, with the "snowball" technique, as well as semi-structured interviews, mental models, analysis of perceptions and photographic records. We found that actors are not articulated and, the majority of them do not follow their script as defined by legislation, which commits the perspectives of resolution, where as a result, the situation is only perpetuated. This work becomes prominent by bringing to the surface all of the voices that go unheard, and by that, it is in itself a provocative work.
Keywords : Political Ecology; Social Environmental Conflict; Rio Gramame Basin; Mumbaba.