Tropical Plant Pathology
Print version ISSN 1982-5676
CANALE, Maria C. et al. In vitro effect of UV-C irradiation on Guignardia citricarpa and on postharvest control of citrus black spot. Trop. plant pathol. [online]. 2011, vol.36, n.6, pp. 356-361. ISSN 1982-5676. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1982-56762011000600003.
Black spot, caused by Guignardia citricarpa, is one of the main diseases affecting citrus fruits. UV-C irradiation is known to have potential to be used as an alternative method to supplement or replace the use of fungicides, especially because it promotes resistance against pathogens. The aim of this work was to evaluate the in vitro effects of UV-C irradiation on G. citricarpa development and on the control of black spot in postharvest orange. Additionally, changes in skin color of the fruit as a result of UV-C treatment were evaluated. Mycelial growth, conidial germination and appressoria formation were evaluated in vitro after fungal exposure to different irradiation doses. Also, 'Valência' oranges naturally infected were submitted to different irradiation doses to check the possibility of in vivo control. Fruit were stored at 25ºC/80% RH and evaluated 3, 7, 10 and 14 days after treatment and area under the disease progress curve was calculated. UV-C irradiation affected conidial germination of G. citricarpa and apressorium formation. UV-C irradiation was not able to control citrus black spot on fruit at a satisfactory level; however, incidence of quiescent black spot lesions was lower on postharvest 'Valência' orange treated with 7.28 and 15.66 kJ m-2. Low UV-C doses did not affect the visual aspect of fruit. Thus, UV-C irradiation can contribute for the reduction of postharvest losses caused by citrus black spot and reduce the use or doses of fungicides on disease control.
Keywords : Citrus sinensis; conidia; mycelium; peel color; physical control.