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Tropical Plant Pathology

versão impressa ISSN 1982-5676

Resumo

SPOLTI, Pierri; JORGE, Bruna C. de  e  DEL PONTE, Emerson M.. Sensitivity of Fusarium graminearum causing head blight of wheat in Brazil to tebuconazole and metconazole fungicides. Trop. plant pathol. [online]. 2012, vol.37, n.6, pp.419-423. ISSN 1982-5676.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1982-56762012000600007.

Fusarium head blight (FHB) of wheat, is caused by fungal populations belonging to the Fusarium graminearum species complex. Although triazole fungicides are widely used in FHB management, information about the sensitivity of F. graminearum populations to such fungicides is scarce, particularly in Brazil. This work aimed at determining the sensitivity of pathogenic populations of F. graminearum to metconazole and tebuconazole. Fungal isolates were obtained from diseased wheat heads collected in commercial fields at the northern region of Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil, along the 2009 and 2010 growing seasons. Fifty isolates obtained from eleven locations were grown in media amended with increasing fungicide dosages and the effective concentration reducing mycelial growth to 50% (EC50) was determined. The median of the EC50 values was 0.001 mg/L (<0.001-0.152 mg/L) and 0.037 mg/L (<0.001-0.324), for tebuconazole and metconazole, respectively. Cross-resistance was detected based on significance of correlation analysis (rs = 0.46; P < 0.0001) between the log-transformed EC50 of the two triazoles. The mean EC50 for a group of ten isolates classified as "more sensitive" differed statistically from the ten isolates representing the "less sensitive" group. Nevertheless, these groups did not differ in terms of mycelial growth on PDA in the absence of fungicides. It was concluded that pathogenic populations of F. graminearum are sensitive to the triazoles at various levels due to the intrinsic characteristics of the isolates or to selection pressure by the increasing fungicide use.

Palavras-chave : Gibberella zeae; Triticum aestivum; fungicide resistance; Fusarium head blight.

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