Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
versão On-line ISSN 1983-1447
PAIXAO, Carina Teixeira e SILVA, Lolita Dopico da. Characteristics of dysphagic patients in public home care service. Rev. Gaúcha Enferm. (Online) [online]. 2010, vol.31, n.2, pp. 262-269. ISSN 1983-1447. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1983-14472010000200009.
This article discusses the characteristics of dysphagic patients victims of a stroke. The objectives were to identify the profile of patients with dysphagic and measure its association with age, risk factors, episodes of stroke and consistency of food. Methodology the cross-sectional study sample of thirty patients. Results show all 17 dysphagic patients were hypertensive and more than half also diabetic (58.82%). All they had ischemic stroke. There was no association between dysphagic and age nor with the frequency of stroke episodes. Patients with hypertension and diabetes had higher odds ratio for dysphagic referred to swallow liquids. Discussion, they were all elderly with three risk factors hypertension, diabetes and obesity and with increased difficulty in swallowing liquids than solids. It is concluded that the nurse needs to train to recognize the dysphagic and its complications such as pneumonia and malnutrition.
Palavras-chave : Deglutition; Stroke; Home nursing.