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Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
On-line version ISSN 1983-1447
MENEZES, Giselle Maria Duarte et al. Complaint of urinary loss: a silent woman's problem. Rev. Gaúcha Enferm. [online]. 2012, vol.33, n.1, pp.100-108. ISSN 1983-1447. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1983-14472012000100014.
This study investigates the prevalence of urinary incontinence and how it interferes in the daily life of women from a health center in the city of Fortaleza, state of Ceará, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional, analytical and quantitative study. The studied population was of 168 women who had appointments for hypertension and / or diabetes in September 2009. The data was collected through interviews and the application of the "International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire." For inferential analysis, we used chi-square and Fisher's exact test. Women from the analysis sample (59) were: aged between 42 and 59 years (52.5%), low educational level (55.9%), without a partner (57.6%), retired (50.8%), nonsmokers (81.4%) and overweight (71.2%). Only the low educational level was associated with incontinence. Prevalence was of 61.0%. For 55,5% of incontinents, losing urine intervenes in a grave or very grave way with their daily life. The urinary loss occurred while coughing or sneezing (72.2%) and before arriving at the bathroom (61.1%). The urinary incontinence presented a high prevalence, intervening negatively with these women's lifes.
Keywords : Urinary incontinence; Family Health Program; Public health.