Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
On-line version ISSN 1983-1447
SANTOS, José Luís Guedes dos et al. Risk and vulnerability in the practice of professional healthcare. Rev. Gaúcha Enferm. [online]. 2012, vol.33, n.2, pp. 205-212. ISSN 1983-1447. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1983-14472012000200028.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the risks and vulnerability found in professional healthcare and the safe practices adopted, based on academic research in the field of healthcare and nursing, by means of an integrative review. The articles were found in the LILACS and SCIELO databases, from the years 2005-2010, in a search for the descriptors vulnerability, risk, and occupational and personal health risks, establishing a sample of 21 articles. In basic healthcare, risks and vulnerabilities are related to the lack of resources needed for work, physical violence and emotional strain. In a hospital context, the problems are related to accidents with biological materials caused by improper use and failure to adopt protective measures, as well as excessive work and self-confidence. The importance of implementing public policies in worker health to improve working conditions and provide greater satisfaction and professional awareness is emphasized.
Keywords : Risk; Vulnerability; Occupational risks; Health personnel; Nursing.