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Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem

versão On-line ISSN 1983-1447

Resumo

TAVARES, Darlene Mara dos Santos et al. Socioeconomic characteristics and quality of life of urban and rural elderly people with heart disease. Rev. Gaúcha Enferm. [online]. 2015, vol.36, n.3, pp.21-27. ISSN 1983-1447.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2015.03.45470.

Objective:

To compare the socioeconomic variables and quality of life scores (QOL) of elderly residents with heart diseases in urban and rural areas.

Method:

household survey with 829 urban and 220 rural elderlies. The data were collected using: Brazilian Questionnaire for Functional and Multidimensional Assessment, WHOQOL-BREF and WHOQOL-OLD. The collection in the urban area was from June to December of 2008 and, in the rural area, from June 2010 to March 2011. Chi-square, t-student and multiple linear regression (p <0.05) tests were used.

Results:

The proportion of women and elderlies with 75 years of age and over was higher in urban areas. Lower scores among urban elderlies physical and social relations were observed, and; facets autonomy, past, present and future activities and intimacy; for the rural elderlies, the environment, sensory abilities, death and dying.

Conclusion:

the urban elderlies showed a lower QOL score in most areas and facets compared to rural elderlies.

Palavras-chave : Elderly; Rural population; Urban population; Quality of life; Cardiovascular diseases; Health care.

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