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Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem

versão On-line ISSN 1983-1447

Resumo

ZAMPIER, Vanderleia Soéli de Barros et al. Maintenance of tobacco withdrawal by former smokers: a phenomenological study. Rev. Gaúcha Enferm. [online]. 2017, vol.38, n.4, e2017-0027.  Epub 21-Maio-2018. ISSN 1983-1447.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2017.04.2017-0027.

OBJECTIVE

To understand the experience of former smokers maintaining tobacco abstinence.

METHODS

Qualitative research using the theoretical-methodological reference of the Social Phenomenology, as defined by Alfred Schütz. The phenomenological interview was carried out in 2016 with 12 former smokers from a city in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The statements were organized into categories and discussed based on the literature.

RESULTS

The maintenance of tobacco abstinence was revealed in the categories: "Health, sociability, and financial gains"; "Living with the urge to smoke and with the increase of body weight"; "Self-determination and use of replacement strategies"; and "Staying away from cigarettes."

CONCLUSIONS

These results alert health professionals to the need to provide support to former smokers so they can remain smoke-free. This implies considering not only the negative effects of the tobacco abstinence, but also the social context in which former smokers are inserted that might have an impact on the maintenance or not of the cigarette withdrawal.

Palavras-chave : Tobacco; Smoking cessation; Tobacco use cessation; Nursing; Qualitative research.

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