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Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem

On-line version ISSN 1983-1447

Abstract

ROCHA, Daniel de Macêdo et al. Scientific evidence on factors associated with the quality of life of radiodermatitis patients. Rev. Gaúcha Enferm. [online]. 2018, vol.39, e2017-0224.  Epub Sep 03, 2018. ISSN 1983-1447.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-1447.2018.2017-0224.

OBJECTIVE

To analyze in the literature the factors associated with the quality of life of patients with radiodermatitis.

METHOD

Integrative literature review of the MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science and IBECS databases between 2007 and 2016.

RESULTS

Fourteen studies that met the established inclusion criteria, with a predominance of

randomized clinical trials, level of evidence II 1 were analyzed. Among the factors that compromised the quality of life were pain, pruritus, alteration of the body image and emotional reactions such as anxiety and depression symptoms stand out. The laser therapy, the emu oil and intensity-modulated radiotherapy represented the interventions that favored the improvement of the quality of life.

CONCLUSION

Radiodermatitis causes significant impairments to the quality of life of cancer patients, requiring multiprofessional interventions and new studies aimed at the prevention and treatment of the lesion.

Keywords : Neoplasms; Radiodermatitis; Quality of life.

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