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vol.30 número4FONTES DE CARBONO E RELAÇÕES C:N NA QUALIDADE DA ÁGUA NO CULTIVO DE TILÁPIA DO NILO EM SISTEMA DE BIOFLOCOCRESCIMENTO DE ESPÉCIES DE ÁRVORES FRUTÍFERAS DIFERENTES EM SISTEMAS SILVIPASTORIL DURANTE A FASE DE ESTABELECIMENTO índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista Caatinga

versão impressa ISSN 0100-316Xversão On-line ISSN 1983-2125

Resumo

LEMOS, NAILSON LIMA SANTOS et al. AGRO-CLIMATIC SUITABILITY AND WATER REQUIREMENT FOR TANZANIA GUINEAGRASS CULTIVATION IN THE STATE OF CEARÁ. Rev. Caatinga [online]. 2017, vol.30, n.4, pp.1028-1038. ISSN 0100-316X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-21252017v30n424rc.

This study aimed to define areas suitable, and the irrigation water requirement for, cultivation of Tanzania guineagrass in the state of Ceará, Brazil. Tanzania guineagrass yield was estimated by a mathematical model, which considers the crop actual evapotranspiration, resulting from the crop climatological water balance. The water requirement throughout the year was estimated for soils with a water holding capacity of 20 (shallow soils), 40 (sandy soils), 60 (soils with medium texture) and 100 mm (clay soils). The relative frequency of occurrence of monthly productions greater than 2,750 kg DM ha-1 month-1 was obtained for different areas in Ceará, representative of most of the state's economic mesoregions. Tanzania guineagrass annual yields in the state of Ceará were between 20,000-30,000 kg DM ha-1 year-1. During the rainy season, the productive potential varies with the economic mesoregion, which presents different climatic conditions. The state of Ceará is only suitable for the rainfed production of Tanzania guineagrass for 4 months each year, predominantly from February to May, while weather conditions do not favor the development of this grass in the remaining months.

Palavras-chave : Dry matter accumulation rate; Mathematical model; Panicum maximum; Water storage capacity..

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