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Revista Caatinga

versão impressa ISSN 0100-316Xversão On-line ISSN 1983-2125

Resumo

OLIVEIRA, Izabela Cristina de et al. ROOT PROTRUSION IN QUALITY EVALUATION OF CHIA SEEDS. Rev. Caatinga [online]. 2019, vol.32, n.1, pp.282-287.  Epub 09-Maio-2019. ISSN 0100-316X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-21252019v32n129rc.

The root protrusion test is a vigor test based on the principle that seeds with high vigor emit the primary root faster than less vigorous ones. Chia is a plant propagated by seeds and it is studied owing to its health benefits, but there is little technical information known about its culture. The objective of this work was to adapt the methodology of the root protrusion test to determine the vigor of chia seed lots. Five chia seed lots were submitted to an initial quality evaluation using germination and vigor tests (first germination, emergence, and emergence speed index). The root protrusion test was performed at temperatures of 20, 25 and 30 °C and evaluated every 2 h up to 42 h. During the test, protrusion stability was assessed and the criterion of 2 mm primary root count was used. The root protrusion test at 20 °C did not distinguish the lots in the same way as emergence. At 25 °C it was possible to classify lots after 30 h similarly to emergence. At 30 °C, root protrusion and the separation of seed lots was accelerated. Thus, the root protrusion test conducted for 30 h at 25 °C has sufficient sensitivity to detect differences in vigor between chia seed lots.

Palavras-chave : Salvia hispanica; Vigor; Primary root.

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