SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.32 número3Mancha de ramulária afeta a produtividade e qualidade da fibra em algodoeiro submetido à aplicação de fungicidasCARACTERIZAÇÃO FISIOLÓGICAS DE BACTÉRIAS DIAZOTRÓFICAS ISOLADAS DA RIZOSFERA DE Brachiaria brizantha índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartilhar


Revista Caatinga

versão impressa ISSN 0100-316Xversão On-line ISSN 1983-2125

Resumo

SILVA, RAIMUNDA ALVES et al. DIVERSITY OF EDAPHIC FAUNA IN DIFFERENT SOIL OCCUPATION SYSTEMS. Rev. Caatinga [online]. 2019, vol.32, n.3, pp.647-657.  Epub 21-Out-2019. ISSN 0100-316X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-21252019v32n309rc.

Soil is the habitat for a number of living organisms that perform essential functions within the ecosystem; their functions and interactions are modified according to different ways of land occupation. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the diversity of edaphic fauna in different soil occupation systems. The study was carried out in different soil occupation systems: millet, maize, soybean, eucalyptus, preserved cerrado, disturbed cerrado, and pasture, with 130 pitfall traps installed per treatment. Soil fauna organisms were identified at the level of large groups (orders and family), and then examined under the following biological diversity indices: Shannon index, Pielou index, average and total richness, and abundance. The highest abundance was found under millet growing conditions (9,974 individuals), and the lowest abundance values were found in soybean soil (222 individuals) and maize (824 individuals). Uniform distribution of groups in the area with soybean crops, due to the homogeneous management of the area, provided the highest biological index (H'=2.69). Principal component analysis (PCA) explained 50.9% of the data along the main axis and 34.6% of the data along the secondary axis. The different systems of soil occupation showed different abundance and diversity, demonstrating how soil occupation interferes with the dynamics of the invertebrate soil fauna.

Palavras-chave : Edaphic arthropods; Soil quality; Soil invertebrates.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Inglês     · Inglês ( pdf )