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vol.32 número3TERMOTERAPIA COMO AGENTE REDUTOR DE CONTAMINANTES MICROBIANOS NA MICROPROPAGAÇÃO DO BAMBUFERTILIZANTE BIOLÓGICO E PLANTAS DE COBERTURA NOS ATRIBUTOS DO SOLO E PRODUTIVIDADE DO MILHO índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista Caatinga

versão impressa ISSN 0100-316Xversão On-line ISSN 1983-2125

Resumo

ARAUJO, LINDA BRENNA RIBEIRO et al. AGRONOMIC POTENTIAL AND GENETIC DIVERSITY OF LANDRACES OF COWPEA OF THE STATE OF CEARÁ. Rev. Caatinga [online]. 2019, vol.32, n.3, pp.698-708.  Epub 21-Out-2019. ISSN 0100-316X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-21252019v32n314rc.

Landraces are sources of genetic variability, especially with respect to alleles that confer tolerance to biotic and abiotic factors and, therefore, can aid breeding programs in the development of promising cultivars. However, it is necessary to know this genetic patrimony at a level that allows its alleged use in breeding programs. In this sense, the objective of this study was: (i) to identify cowpea landraces that present agronomic potential and (ii) to evaluate the genetic diversity for future cross-breeding. For this, two trials (coastal and sertão of the state of Ceará) were carried out in distinct periods for the morphological and agronomic characterization of eight landraces of the state of Ceará plus two control cultivars. Both assays were conducted in a randomized complete block design with four replicates. Additionally, the molecular characterization by ISSR markers was done. Due to the presence of interaction genotypes by environments, it was observed for the conditions of the coast (Fortaleza), the traditional variety Boi Deitado and the conditions of the sertão (Madalena) to Vinagre Barrigudo de Caldo, as the most indicated to be superior in grain yield and in other agronomic characters. In order to increase the genetic base of the cowpea, we suggest crosses between genotypes Boi deitado and Cojó for the generation of segregating populations of future breeding programs.

Palavras-chave : Vigna unguiculata; Genetic resources; Morphoagronomic characterization; ISSR markers.

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