Psychology & Neuroscience
versión On-line ISSN 1983-3288
GRAHAM, Lauren K.; YOON, Taejib; LEE, Hongjoo J. y KIM, Jeansok J.. Strain and sex differences in fear conditioning: 22 kHz ultrasonic vocalizations and freezing in rats. Psychol. Neurosci. (Online) [online]. 2009, vol.2, n.2, pp. 219-225. ISSN 1983-3288. http://dx.doi.org/10.3922/j.psns.2009.2.015.
Strain and sex differences in fear conditioning were investigated in two commonly used laboratory rats: Sprague Dawleys and Long-Evans. Twenty-two kHz ultrasonic vocalization (USV) distress calls and freezing behavior were used to measure fear responses to contextual and auditory conditioned stimuli (CSs), which were previously paired with a footshock unconditioned stimulus (US). Both strain and sex had significant effects on USVs and freezing during training and subsequent context and tone tests. Overall, the male Sprague Dawley rats froze and emitted USVs more than the other groups. Additionally, levels of freezing and USVs were differentially influenced by the type of CS (context or tone). These results suggest that species-specific defense responses in laboratory rats are highly influenced by the strain and sex of the subject, and that these factors should be considered in future fear conditioning studies.
Palabras llave : classical conditioning; learning; memory; amygdala; hippocampus.