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Psychology & Neuroscience
versión On-line ISSN 1983-3288
ROQUE, Daniela Tsubota; TEIXEIRA, Rosani Aparecida Antunes; ZACHI, Elaine C. y VENTURA, Dora F.. The use of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) in neuropsychological assessment: application in Brazilian research with control children and adults with neurological disorders. Psychol. Neurosci. [online]. 2011, vol.4, n.2, pp. 255-265. ISSN 1983-3288. http://dx.doi.org/10.3922/j.psns.2011.2.011.
Computerized neuropsychological tests can be effective and have many benefits. This paper addresses these issues using the computer-based Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) to assess Brazilian children and adults. Preliminary normative data for Brazilian children obtained in a series of CANTAB subtests are presented together with data from adults (controls) and samples of patients with multiple sclerosis and Duchenne muscular dystrophy. The results obtained in children confirmed the normative values reported for American children (Luciana & Nelson, 2002), indicating high applicability of the CANTAB battery for children in the evaluation of visual memory, working memory, planning, and set shifting. For multiple sclerosis patients, CANTAB revealed differences between the control and multiple sclerosis groups for all subtests employed, including visual memory, working memory, spatial memory, decision making, inhibitory control, and sustained attention. In children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, the CANTAB tests revealed specific detriments in attention and memory. These results of the application of CANTAB in different patient groups indicate that the battery is appropriate for assessing several central nervous system diseases.
Palabras clave : neuropsychological tests; CANTAB; children; multiple sclerosis; Duchenne muscular dystrophy.