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Psychology & Neuroscience
versão On-line ISSN 1983-3288
SCHEFFER, Morgana; MONTEIRO, Janine Kieling e ALMEIDA, Rosa Maria Martins de. Frontal stroke: problem solving, decision making, impulsiveness, and depressive symptoms in men and women. Psychol. Neurosci. [online]. 2011, vol.4, n.2, pp. 267-278. ISSN 1983-3288. http://dx.doi.org/10.3922/j.psns.2011.2.012.
The present study compared men and women who suffered a frontal lobe stroke with regard to problem solving, decision making, impulsive behavior and depressive symptoms and also correlated these variables between groups. The sample was composed of 10 males and nine females. The study period was 6 months after the stroke. The following instruments were used: Wisconsin Card Sort Test (WCST), Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), Barrat Impulsiveness Scale (BIS11), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). For the exclusion criteria of the sample, the Mini International Psychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I Plus) and Mini Mental Stage Examination (MMSE) were used. To measure functional severity post-stroke, the Rankin Scale was used. The average age was 60.90 ± 8.93 years for males and 60.44 ± 11.57 years for females. In females, total impulsiveness (p = .013) and lack of planning caused by impulsiveness (p = .028) were significantly higher compared with males, assessed by the BIS11. These data indicate that females in the present sample who suffered a chronic frontal lesion were more impulsive and presented more planning difficulties in situations without demanding cognitive processing. These results that show gender differences should be considered when planning psychotherapy and cognitive rehabilitation for patients who present these characteristics.
Palavras-chave : frontal stroke; sex; executive function; inhibition; pressive symptoms.