Psychology & Neuroscience
On-line version ISSN 1983-3288
MARTINS, Ana Teresa et al. Traumatic brain injury patients: does frontal brain lesion influence basic emotion recognition?. Psychol. Neurosci. [online]. 2011, vol.4, n.3, pp. 377-384. ISSN 1983-3288. http://dx.doi.org/10.3922/j.psns.2011.3.011.
Adequate emotion recognition is relevant to individuals' interpersonal communication. Patients with frontal traumatic brain injury (TBI) exhibit a lower response to facial emotional stimuli, influencing social interactions. In this sense, the main goal of the current study was to assess the ability of TBI patients in recognizing basic emotions. Photographs of facial expressions of five basic emotions (happiness, sadness, fear, anger, and surprise) were presented to 32 TBI patients and 41 healthy controls. Emotion recognition was measured by accuracy and reaction time. Overall performance of the TBI group was poorer than control group for emotion recognition, both in terms of accuracy and reaction time. It is suggested that TBI patients show impairment on emotion recognition, and this relation seems to be moderated by the lesion localization.
Keywords : emotion recognition; basic emotions; TBI patients.