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Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical
On-line version ISSN 1983-4063
CARVALHO, Webber Tavares de et al. Physical and chemical characteristics of whole rice, broken rice, and soybean extracts. Pesqui. Agropecu. Trop. [online]. 2011, vol.41, n.3, pp. 422-429. ISSN 1983-4063. http://dx.doi.org/10.5216/pat.v41i3.9885.
Hydrosoluble extracts are vegetable drinks with a commercial nutritional appeal, concerning health aspects, like absence of animal fats and high minerals contents. This study aimed to compare the physical and chemical characteristics of whole rice, broken rice, and soybean hydrosoluble extracts. The analyses (in triplicate) were pH, soluble solids content, moisture, ashes, proteins, lipids, total carbohydrates, calcium, magnesium, cupper, manganese, iron, zinc, and caloric value. The broken rice extract presented the highest carbohydrates content (3.17 g 100 g-1) and the lowest value for ashes (0.58 g 100 g-1), proteins (0.73 g 100 g-1), lipids (0.41 g 100 g-1), and caloric value (17.28 kcal 100 g-1), while the whole rice extract showed the highest pH (6.77) and intermediate values for calcium (1.2 mg 100 g-1) and magnesium (1.69 mg 100 g-1). The soybean extract presented the highest contents of all minerals, ashes (0.84 g 100 g-1), proteins (2.51 g 100 g-1), lipids (1.05 g 100 g-1), and caloric value (68.34 kcal 100 g-1), but the lowest value for carbohydrates (2.62 g 100 g-1). Despite its lower nutritional value, when compared to the soybean extract, the whole and broken rice extracts can be viable alternatives for replacing milk or soybean extract, by people with any kind of lactose intolerance or soybean protein allergy.
Keywords : Oryza sativa L; Glycine max L; hydrosoluble extracts; centesimal composition.