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Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical
On-line version ISSN 1983-4063
AFONSO, Renato José et al. Combination of nitrogen sources on common bean growth and yield. Pesqui. Agropecu. Trop. [online]. 2011, vol.41, n.3, pp.391-398. ISSN 1983-4063. http://dx.doi.org/10.5216/pat.v41i3.12360.
Nitrogen is one of the most lixiviated plant nutrients on soil and it can also be dispersed in its gaseous form, limiting many crops yield. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of N sources (urea and ammonium sulfate) combinations, at 80 kg ha-1, isolated or combined, with or without irrigation water incorporated to the soil. The experiment was carried out in Selvíria, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, during two growing seasons (2003 and 2004), in the winter, by using a randomized block design with 12 treatments, in a 6x2 factorial scheme, with four replications. Six N sources combinations were used: control (without N); 80 kg ha-1 of N - ammonium sulfate (AS); 20 kg ha-1 of N - urea (U) + 60 kg ha-1 of N (AS); 40 kg ha-1 of N (U) + 40 kg ha-1 of N (AS); 60 kg ha-1 of N (U) + 20 kg ha-1 of N (AS); and 80 kg ha-1 of N (U), with and without addition of irrigation water. It was possible to conclude that the nitrogen supply, regardless of the source used, provided an increase in grain yield. No difference was observed, concerning the nitrogenous fertilizer incorporated or not to the soil with irrigation water.
Keywords : Phaseolus vulgaris L; urea; ammonium sulfate; no-tillage.