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Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical
On-line version ISSN 1983-4063
ARF, Marcelo Valentini et al. Nitrogen sources and application times on winter common bean under no-till system. Pesqui. Agropecu. Trop. [online]. 2011, vol.41, n.3, pp. 430-438. ISSN 1983-4063. http://dx.doi.org/10.5216/pat.v41i3.9706.
The use of nitrogen by common bean is dependent on the source, dose and application time. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of N sources and application times on common bean under no-till system, in Selvíria, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, in 2006 and 2007. Treatments were disposed in a randomized blocks design, in a 3x6 factorial scheme, with four replications. Nitrogen sources (urea, entec, and ammonium sulfate) and application times (control - without N, at sowing, at the V3 development stage, at the V4-5 development stage, 1/3 at sowing + 2/3 at the V3 stage, and 1/3 at sowing + 2/3 at the V4-5 stage) were evaluated. The N sources had similar influence on common bean yield, affecting only the N leaf content, in 2006, and the use of entec provided leaf nutrient concentrations equivalent to the urea ones. The application of all available N at sowing affected the initial and final plant stands, in 2006, while the same was not observed in 2007. Application times did not influence on grains yield, for both years, however, in 2006, the nitrogen fertilization increased yield in more than 100%, on average, independently of the application time.
Keywords : Phaseolus vulgaris L; nitrogen fertilization; grain yield.