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Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical

On-line version ISSN 1983-4063

Abstract

FERNANDES, André Luís Teixeira; PARTELLI, Fábio Luiz; BONOMO, Robson  and  GOLYNSKI, Adelmo. The modern coffee planting in the Brazilian savannah. Pesqui. Agropecu. Trop. [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.2, pp.231-240. ISSN 1983-4063.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1983-40632012000200015.

The Brazilian coffee planting presents a great importance in the creation of job opportunities, resources, and exchange value, being very diversified, with local particularities. The Brazilian Savannah covers more than 200 million ha, distributed along the States of Minas Gerais, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Tocantins, Bahia, Piauí, Maranhão, and Distrito Federal, and has reached a yield of more than 5 million bags per year, mainly for Coffea arabica L. The coffee growing, in that region, stands out for presenting yield above the national average and for using, in a more efficient way, agricultural inputs, irrigation, improved varieties, and mechanization, among other practices. The irrigated coffee crop, in Brazil, covers 240,000 ha, most of these in the Brazilian Savannah, representing 10% of the total planted area and 25% of the total coffee yield. The most used irrigation systems are the sprinkler ones (conventional, net sprinkler, and center pivot) and the located ones (dripping and modified). Its climate favours coffee quality, as it allows harvesting under low air humidity conditions, since rainfall is concentrated in the summer. It is also observed, in the Brazilian Savannah areas, higher insolation rates, mainly in the autumn and winter months, favorable to yield and quality. The most planted varieties are the Catuaí and Mundo Novo ones, along with other promising drought and diseases resistant materials.

Keywords : Coffea arabica L.; irrigation; mechanization.

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