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Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical

On-line version ISSN 1983-4063

Abstract

ALVARENGA, Cleyton Batista de et al. Automatic control of the droplet spectrum of a hydropneumatic sprayer according to the vapor pressure deficit in the air. Pesqui. Agropecu. Trop. [online]. 2013, vol.43, n.1, pp.26-33. ISSN 1983-4063.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1983-40632013000100006.

The principle of fractionation and droplets size are crucial for the success of pest control. This study aimed at developing and evaluating an automated system to control the spraying droplet spectrum according to the vapor pressure deficit in the air. The automatic control system consisted of a temperature and relative humidity sensor, a microcontroller, a servomotor and a hydropneumatic sprayer. Spraying was performed on water sensitive paper labels arranged on wooden supports for different vapor pressure deficits in the air. After scanning and analysing the paper labels, three working pressures were selected (633 kPa, 844 kPa and 1,055 kPa) for use in the automated system. The results indicated that the controller efficiently maintained the droplets spectrum when spraying pesticides. Automation enabled the maintenance of the spray volume by altering the working pressure, according to the vapor pressure deficit in the air. Spraying with the automated system presented a droplet spectrum quality superior to the one obtained by using the manual system at the pressure of 633 kPa.

Keywords : Pesticide application technology; evaporation of droplets during pesticide spraying; embedded electronics in sprayers.

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