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Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical

versão On-line ISSN 1983-4063

Resumo

MELERO, Mariana Moreira; GITTI, Douglas de Castilho; ARF, Orivaldo  e  RODRIGUES, Ricardo Antônio Ferreira. Cover crops and nitrogen doses in wheat under no-tillage system. Pesqui. Agropecu. Trop. [online]. 2013, vol.43, n.4, pp.343-353. ISSN 1983-4063.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1983-40632013000400001.

The application of conservation practices in production systems is essential to the sustainability of the agricultural production capacity. The use of different cover crops can reduce the need of topdressing nitrogen fertilizers in wheat crops. This study aimed at evaluating the influence of cover crops residues (millet, sunn hemp, pigeon pea, millet + sunn hemp, millet + pigeon pea and fallow ground), grown previously to the summer crop (rice), and topdressing nitrogen doses (0 kg ha-1, 25 kg ha-1, 50 kg ha-1, 75 kg ha-1, 100 kg ha-1 and 125 kg ha-1), in the development and yield of wheat under no-tillage system. The experiment was carried out in Selvíria, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, in a Red Oxisol, in 2009/2010 and 2010/2011. The experimental design was randomized blocks, in a 6x6 factorial scheme. The cover crops developed during August/October (2009/2010) and September/November (2010/2011), previously to the summer crop, with the chemical desiccation performed respectively at 73 and 55 days after sowing. The wheat (winter) was sown in May, in both periods, and harvested at 113 (2009/2010) and 106 (2010/2011) days after emergence. The cover crops residues of pigeon pea, sunn hemp and millet + sunn hemp, preceding wheat, provided higher wheat yields, relatively to the fallow ground. The wheat yield showed a quadratic response to the increase in the nitrogen availability, reaching higher yields with the nitrogen doses estimated in 113 kg ha-1 (2010) and 98 kg ha-1 (2011).

Palavras-chave : Cajanus Cajan; Crotalaria juncea; Pennisetum americanum; Triticum aestivum.

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